What Are the Common Components of Skin Care Products?

There are hundreds of all-natural or organic skincare products available in stores nowadays. Many people want to know what the best natural ingredients require for good health, while others are concerned about their safety.

The functions of skincare products vary depending on the specific ingredient. Skincare ingredients often serve more than one function due to their chemical properties or act in concert with another ingredient.

Some common illustrated examples are given below:

Cleaning Agents

Cleansing agents are high-foaming surfactants that remove surface oils and dirt, which clog pores and cause blemishes. They also serve as emulsifiers to help water mix with oil so they can be rinsed off easily. Some typical examples of cleansing agents include Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), Ammonium Laureth Sulfate (ALS), and Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate (SLES).

Sodium Laureth Sulfate is chemically similar to SLS but produces less irritation than SLS. Alternatively, organic cleansers use organic substances such as fruit acids, antioxidants, and vitamins to break down the oils. Cleaning is not their primary function. They are also secondary to moisturizing agents in skincare products.

Moisturizing Agents

Moisturizing agents are used both topically and internally. Dry hair or skin can lead to greater damage due to exposure to the body's natural defense system. The outer layer of skin is removed during abrasion cleaning. Moisturizers prevent water in the upper layers of the epidermis from escaping into the atmosphere by trapping it at a depth where it is needed.

By preventing evaporation, moisturizing agents keep natural protective barriers intact so that harmful chemicals have less effect on underlying tissues. Also known as emollients, some good examples include petrolatum, dimethicone, lanolin, and mineral oil.

Sunscreen Agents

Sunscreen agents include both inorganic ingredients such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide. The agents help reduce the amount of ultraviolet radiation reaching the skin and organic sunscreens that absorb or reflect ultraviolet light. Some sunscreen agents are also effective against other types of radiation, such as Infrared A (IRA) rays emitted by halogen lamps.

The Fragrances

Many fragrances are available for use in skincare products. However, some pose health risks due to their ability to cause allergic reactions or have estrogen-like properties. These components are capable of causing reproductive problems. Paraben is a preservative used in many cosmetics because it prevents microorganisms from growing inside them. Butylparaben and Ethylparaben are often added as a preservative.

Vitamins C & A

Vitamins play an important role in maintaining healthy, glowing-looking skin. For example, vitamin C is used in many over-the-counter (OTC) products specifically to address hyperpigmentation, including age spots and sunspots that result from daily exposure to the sun's ultraviolet radiation. Vitamin A encourages a normal differentiation of epithelial cells and assists in cell repair while also being helpful for acne treatment.

The skin is the body's first line of defense against the environment. Skincare products are marketed to serve many purposes, depending on what type of product they are. Skincare products have been shown to help prevent or reduce common problems caused by exposure to environmental factors such as ultraviolet light (UV), dryness, and bacteria.

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